Freiwilliges Engagement!

Blog 8 von Melis

Hallo liebe Leute! 🙂

Ich möchte heute über etwas wichtiges schreiben: freiwillig zu arbeiten.
Am 16. Februar gab es eine Messe im Rathaus. Diese Messe ist sehr hilfreich für die Menschen, die sich freiwillig engagieren möchten, aber noch nicht wissen, was sie machen möchten. Ich habe mir nicht vorgestellen können, wie viele verschiedene Möglichkeiten es gibt, um freiwillig zu arbeiten und wie viele Menschen sich dafür interessieren würden. Dort war es voll von Menschen, die sich informieren wollten. Es gibt vielfältige Angebote und man kann an den Ständen sich über freiwilliges Engagement informieren. Wie viel Zeit braucht man pro Woche, gibt es Voraussetzungen oder Vorbereitungszeit, welche Angaben werden von mir erwartet usw.
Alle Menschen, die mir dort Informationen gegeben haben, fand ich sehr nett und freundlich. Sie haben nur ein Ziel: Menschen helfen, die Hilfe brauchen! Ich habe mich entschieden, alten Menschen zu helfen, weil ich besonderes Interesse an ihnen habe. Ich finde es toll, wenn ich von ihren Erfahrungen etwas lerne und ihre Einsamkeit teile.
Wenn ihr auch etwas Gutes für andere Menschen machen möchtet, lohnt es sich auf dieser Seite zu recherchieren: https://www.hamburg.de/beratung-und-vermittlung/

Was würdest du machen, wenn du alleine auf dem Meer verloren wärest?

Blog 7 von Melis

Heute haben wir im Konversationkurs ein lustiges Spiel gespielt.
Es geht um eine Reise mit dem Schiff. Und plötzlich kommt es zu einem Unfall. Bald wird das Schiff versinken, aber keine Angst! Wir haben ein Boot. Wir müssen nur entscheiden, was wir mitnehmen sollen. Es gibt eine Liste, auf der 15 Materialien geschrieben stehen. Wir müssen diese Materialien nach ihrer Wichtigkeit ordnen. Jede Gruppe besteht aus 3-4 Personen und muss diskutieren, welches Material am wichtigsten oder weniger wichtig ist. Wenn die Gruppen bereit sind, sollen sie ihre geordneten Listen vorlesen und begründen, warum sie was wichtiger finden.
Es gibt natürlich ein sinnvolles Ergebnis, das von einem Wissenschaftler entschieden wurde. Nachdem wir diese bestimmte Lösung der Fachleute gehört haben, waren wir sehr überrascht, weil es viele Unterschiede zwischen unserer und ihrer Liste gab. Als Ergebnis würden wir weder gerettet werden, noch überleben. 😅

Zusammenfassend lässt sich sagen, dass das ein sehr unterhaltsames Spiel war. ✌️
Bis dann 🙂

Saying Goodbye!

Blog 16 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

Today was my last day at DeutschAkademie, so it is time for me to say goodbye. It’s still unbelievable how fast these four weeks passed, but as they say time flies when you are having fun. During the last class we were playing some games (like Country-City-River-Animal-Plant game) and talking about our future plans and wishes.

Even though the language school provides us with all the essential tools and best teachers to learn a language, it’s also our responsibility to practice in order master a language. It means that we also need to put extra effort/hours into doing our homework, learning new words and expressions and practicing the grammar. Good news that DeutschAkademie has also thought about it and they created a free online German grammar trainer, where you can enjoy the interactive exercises based on your level. Just check out this link below, select your book or level and start practicing:

https://www.deutschakademie.de/online-deutschkurs/english/

Also, you can use your time wisely and practise or improve German while travelling or waiting in a line, as the brand new “Learn German DeutschAkademie” app is now available for both iPhone and Android users. Just search for it in your App Store or Google Play and start practicing some topics.

I hope you enjoyed my blog and you got more interested in learning German or getting to know Hamburg (Germany). Thank you for being here with me and I hope I could give you some useful tips on how to enjoy learning German and what to visit in Hamburg. Good luck! 😊

Tschüss!

Krisztina

Habt ihr Lust auf eine Reise?

Blog 6 von Melis

In unserer zweiten Woche beim Konversationskurs haben wir wie ein Reisebüro eine 10 Tagen dauernde Reise geplant. Jede Gruppe sollte sie präsentieren. Also möchte ich heute über unseren Plan schreiben. Wie jeder weiß, gibt es kaum sonnige Tage in Hamburg. Deswegen haben wir Spanien gewählt zu reisen. 😉
Zwischen 22. August und 1. September sind wir unterwegs. Am ersten Tag fliegen wir nach Barcelona. Dort übernachten wir für 4 Tagen in einem Hostel auf der La Ramblas Straße. Zuerst besichtigen wir Sagrada Familia – das Symbol von Barcelona. Danach gehen wir leckere Sangria und Tapas probieren. Am zweiten Tag besichtigen wir sowohl Parc Guell als auch das Picasso Museum. Am Abend haben wir vor, eine Flamencotanz-Show zu erleben. Den letzten Tag in Barcelona haben wir frei, um einzukaufen. Als eine große Gruppe haben wir einen Bus, um nach Valencia zu fahren, gemietet, weil es dort ein schönes Fest gibt: La tomatina! 🍅🍅
Dort kann man aufeinander Tomaten für eine Stunde werfen. Das klingt lustig, oder?
Am zweiten Tag besuchen wir das L’Oceanogràfic, das viele Arten von Fischen und Tieren, die im Meer leben, beherbergt. Unser letztes Ziel ist Ibiza. Wir reisen nach Ibiza mit dem Schiff und dort haben wir drei Tage, um die Sonne und das perfekte Wetter zu genießen. Bevor wir nach Hamburg zurückkehren, organisieren wir eine Party auf dem Strand. Dieser Ausflug kostet für 10 Tagen 800 Euro pro Person. Wie findet ihr unseren Ausflug? Würdet ihr an unserem Tour teilnehmen?

Bis zum nächsten Mal 😉

In the Footsteps of the Hanseatic Cities

Blog 15 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

If you think about Hamburg, Bremen or Rostock, I am pretty sure that you automatically imagine the typical red-brick houses and the port, which these Hanseatic cities are famous for. We all know that the Hanseatic League (Hanse) was a commercial federation in Northern Germany and the whole Baltic and North Sea area. As a result, there are 195 Hanseatic cities around Northern Europe which could still preserve the history, the architecture and the wealth of the Hanse.

The good news for you is that there are many Hanseatic cities around Hamburg which you can easily visit within a day. So I would like to recommend you some places if you are interested in the Hanse history or impressed by this Brick architecture.

  • Lübeck: Known as “The Queen of the Hanseatic League” that used to be the capital of the league that controlled trade in the North for many years. Situated only 58km North-East from Hamburg, it can be reached within 45 minutes by direct trains. You can find here the European Hansemuseum, which is the largest museum in the world dedicated to the history of the ‚Hanse‘. However, nowadays Lübeck is well-known mainly for its marzipan (Lübecker Marzipan). So if you are in the city, make sure you visit the Marzipan Museum and the shop.

 

  • Lüneburg: Known as the “Salt Capital of Germany” that ensured the city’s power and wealth for more than 1000 years. Situated only 50km South-East from Hamburg, it can be reached within 30 minutes by direct trains. Here you can find the German Salt Museum, which recalls the history of the oldest and, at one time, the greatest industrial operation in central Europe.

 

  • Buxtehude (the picture above): Called as the “Fairy Tale Town”. Situated only 22km South-West from Hamburg, it can be reached within 30 minutes by S-Bahn 3 from the Central Station. A picturesque town along the Este River where numerous German tales are set. For example: „The Hare and the Hedgehog“ by the Brothers Grimm.

Bis später!

Krisztina

German Prefixes

Blog 14 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

Verb prefixes exist in most of the languages (probably in your own language too), however I think Germans are the master of how to create verbs with new meanings through the addition of prefixes. Prefixes are syllables, added to the beginning of a word to specify or modify its meaning.

If you have a look at the picture above you can ask: why does the verb “verkaufen” (to sell) function in a different way than the verb “einkaufen” (to do the shopping) in a sentence? They are both derived from the verb “kaufen” (to buy) however they function differently in different tenses. Why?

The answer is simple: because “verkaufen” has an inseparable prefix (untrennbare Präfixe) and “einkaufen” has a separable prefix (trennbare Präfixe).

As the name implies, inseparable prefixes (untrennbare Präfixen) have affixes at the start of the word that remain attached to the root in all conjugations and tenses. Also, in the perfect tense, they do not take the normal “ge“prefix; instead they keep their inseparable prefixes. The most common inseparable prefixes are: be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, ver- and zer-.

On the other hand, separable prefixes (trennbare Präfixen) are detached from the verb root in finite or inflected form. These are always stressed syllables and can stand as separate words. In the past participles of separable prefix verbs, the “-ge-“ prefix appears between the prefix and the verb root. The most common separable prefixes are: prepositions (e.g, ab, an, auf, aus, bei, mit, nach, statt, vor, zu) or adverbs (e.g., fort, los, nieder, vorbei, weg, zurück, zusammen).

Bis später!

Krisztina

Hamburg’s Neighbourhoods

Blog 13 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

If you have already discovered the bustling city centre and you would like to escape a bit from the “big city life” then the best thing to do is to explore one of Hamburg’s neighbourhoods. Starting from the Fischmarkt and walking along the river Elbe you can find amazing spots where locals are hanging out and enjoying their free time (especially during summer).

If you are lucky enough to have a sunny day then I advise you to visit the Strandperle or the Elbstrand, which is Hamburg’s favourite sandy beach.  Here you can relax under the sunshades and enjoy a cup of coffee/tea while listening to the seagulls and observing the container-dockyards and ships arriving and departing from the port. A fun fact for you: Strandperle used to be a milk stand where people enjoyed their glass of milk after taking a bath in the river Elbe before the World War II and reopened in 1949 as a restaurant.

While walking further along the river Elbe, though some nice parks and forest you will reach the so-called ‚Treppenviertel‚ („stairs quarter”) in Blankenese, where the picture above was taken. As it is Hamburg’s most hilly area (with a peak of the 72-metre-hight Süllberg), the quarter has approximately 5.000 steps with narrow alleys and small mansions. It used to be a fishing village back in the days as the famous 200-year old Fishing House (das Fischerhaus) shows, however nowadays it is Hamburg’s most prominent and wealthy sea-side suburb. Take the beach stairs (“Strandtreppe”) and stroll down to the Elbe, where you can see the old captain’s cottages blending with the new villas and enjoy the sandy beaches and small restaurants and cafés.   

Bis später!

Krisztina

Adjectives with zero article

Blog 12 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

Today at class we continued the topic of adjectives and we learnt the ones with zero article. First, let’s see when it can happen, that there is NO article in front of a noun. When we talk about:

  • Indefinite articles in plural
  • Uncountable nouns like liquids, powders, gases
  • Professions and names
  • Abstract ideas, feelings and thoughts
  • Materials and elements

As you can see the table above, if there is no article in front of a noun, nothing can show the number, gender and the case. Therefore, the adjective needs to take on the “hard” endings, which can signal the number, gender and the case of the following noun. Now, let’s see some examples:

  • Guter Tee erfordert reines und frisches Wasser.

(Good tea requires pure and fresh water).

  • Freundliche Studentin aus Hamburg sucht WG.

(Friendly student from Hamburg is searching for a shared accommodation).

  • Ich kaufe sehr gerne frisches Brot vom Bäcker.

(I like buying fresh bread from the bakery).

  • Von frischem Brot bekommt man Bauchschmerzen.

(One can get stomach-ache from fresh bread).

  • In einigen Ländern herrschen schlechte Bedingungen.

(In some countries there are bad working conditions).

There are only two cases when the “hard” ending is different: the Genitive singular (masculine and neuter) ends in –en rather than ‑es. Otherwise the endings are the same as the ending of the definite articles and the der-words (dies-, jen-, jed-, welch-, all-). So, you can apply the same rule except from those two cases.

Bis später!

Krisztina

How to survive the winter in Hamburg?

Blog 11 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

This post was inspired by that fact that I haven’t seen the sun for like a week, which is pretty normal here in Hamburg during the winter. Probably, you also discovered that the so-called “Hamburger Schietwetter” is really rainy, windy, cloudy and grey. So what can we do in this “amazing” (irony) weather?

Luckily, Hamburg is a huge city with lots of exciting indoor activities, so I would like to recommend you some in case you do not want to stay at home and watch Netflix. 😊 I tried to collect different ideas that could be interesting for everyone. I visited most of these places so I hope you will also be inspired by the end of the list. Now let’s see what places we can check out if the weather is not so good (which, let’s be honest, happens a lot here in the north):

  • Termal baths – Holthusenbad (the picture above)
  • Meßmer Momentum Tea House and Museum
  • Airbus Factory Tour
  • LokiSchmidtGarten – Botanic Garden
  • Dialog in the Dark – Experiential exhibition in complete darkness
  • Miniatur Wunderland
  • Maritime Museum

Bis später!

Krisztina

Adjectives with definite and indefinite articles

Blog 10 by Krisztina

Hallo followers,

Today we learnt about the adjectives, which can also take on different endings depending on the gender and the case of the noun. (Yey!) I think this is one of the most difficult topics of basic German grammar so I made you a table where you can see examples of definite (betimmten artikel) and indefinite (unbestimmten artikel) articles and the right adjective endings.

As a ground rule we can say that if the adjective comes AFTER the noun than there is NO special ending. Let’s see an example to make it clear:

  • Der Mann ist alt. (The man is old).
  • Die Männer sind alt. (The men are old).

However, if the adjective comes right BEFORE the noun than the adjective will have “hard” or “soft” ending depending on the article. If we use definite articles (der, die, das, die) than the adjective always takes on the “soft” endings: –e or –en.

  • Der alte Mann arbeitet bei Porsche. (The old man works at Porsche).
  • Die alten Männer mögen Fußball sehen. (The old men like watching football).

On the other hand, if we use indefinite or possessive articles (ein, eine, kein, keine, mein) than the adjective always takes on the “hard” endings that can indicate the gender of the noun:

  • Ein alter Mann ist hier. (An old man is here).
  • Alte Männer essen zu wenig Obst und Gemüse. (Old men eat less fruits and vegetables).

I know it can be quite confusing for the first time, but I hope my table will help you to understand the basic logic, and then you will rock it. Also, I highlighted the cases in red where the adjective endings are always –en. As you can see, in the Dative case all the adjective endings are –en, so that is pretty easy, and then you need to just remember the rest.

Bis später!

Krisztina