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Cultural program after the German course – Berlinische Galerie (Berlin Gallery)

Halina
Berlin, am 20. February 2013

Last week we went to the Berlin Gallery with our cultural program. Here we show you the most important facts about the Berlin art gallery and the most important new words that we have learned.

The art work made in Berlin reflects the corresponding historical conditions of its time. Berlin’s history is affected by drastic changes and contrasts – and so is its art. The art of the German Empire (1817-1913) was made up of patriotic historical paintings, as well as its counter movements, the Impressionism and Expressionism, which were show

ing the world through the eyes of the artist. During the First World War (1914-1918), the Cubism and Dadaism came along, which were opposed to the hypocritical values of the middle-class society. The WeimarRepublic (1918-1933) was affected by poverty, the short economic boom of the “Golden Twenties” and the following shortly after Global Economic Crisis. Speaking about art though, it was a time of experimenting free of censorship. By means of a political aggressive Realism, people rebelled against the bad living conditions. During the time of the Nazi dictatorship (1933-1949), all art that was defined as “degenerate art” was forbidden. The regime preferred landscapes, still life and paintings showing scenes of the hardworking man. They also wanted to emphasize the esthetics of the Arian person. During the Second World War there were a lot of paintings of soldiers and war. After the war, in the West the art before forbidden was readopted and they were trying to connect with the international trends of art.

Vocabulary

die Kunst, ü-e art
der Künstler, ü-er artist
die Historienmalerei historical painting
der Impressionismus Impressionism
der Expressionismus Expressionism
der Kubismus cubism
die Gesellschaft society
experimentieren to experiment
die Ästhetik esthetic
die Landschaft, -en landscape
das Stillleben still life
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